Allergy/ allergies of skin are caused by sensitivity of the immune system to substances in the surroundings.
Symptoms of Allergy of Skin
Redness, inflammation and swelling The affected areas may cause red patches on the skin that may or may not be accompanied by swelling of the area.
Rashes on the skin The rashes could be dry, scaly or crusty or ooze or drain.
Itchy Skin Allergic reactions of skin could lead to dry and scaly skin causing itching.
Papules Allergies could lead to formation of papules which are formed by elevation of skin with no visible fluid.
Blisters Allergic reactions could cause blisters that are pockets in the skin filled with plasma or pus.
Types of Allergy of Skin
Contact Dermatitis Contact Dermatitis causes localized irritation/ rash when the skin comes directly in contact with the allergy causing substance.
Atopic Dermatitis Atopic dermatitis is a chronic form of allergy and is considered as a disease of the entire body as due to an excessively active immune response of the body.
Causes of Allergy of Skin
Heredity Allergies of skin could be genetic in nature.
Stress and Weakened immune system.
Loss of skin barrier Loss of skin barrier allows allergens to penetrate the skin and cause allergic reactions. Frequent use of cosmetics, shampoos, lotions/ creams, frequent bathing with extremely hot water can also cause skin allergies. Exposure to latex, plastic, elastic or rubber could also trigger allergic reactions.
Food allergies Skin allergies could be caused due to certain ingredients.
Skin allergies can also be caused by fungal, bacterial or viral infections.
Treatment of Allergy of Skin
Hydrocortisone cream Hydrocortisone cream is used for topical application to treat skin allergies. It helps to reduce redness, inflammation and swelling of the affected area.
Ointments/ lotions Ointments or lotions like Calamine or Zinc Oxide are also used for topical application to treat itching and/or swelling and pain due to skin allergies.
Antihistamines Allergy of Skin can be treated with the help of antihistamines. They help soothe redness, itching and rashes on the affected areas.