Melasma is a skin condition in which light to dark brown or grey patches of pigmentation develop, most commonly on the face. It can affect both genders and any race; however, it is more common in women and people with darker skin types who live in sunny climates, as the condition is made worse by sun. It is not contagious, cancerous or connected to allergies. common pigmentary skin condition in which brownish patches appear on face.
- - Hormonal imbalances
- - Hereditary
- - Sun exposure
- - Application of cosmetics
- - Hair dye
- - Oral medications
- - Mixed
- - Indeterminate
- - Application of suitable sunscreens according to skin type and profession
- - Topical agents which reduce formation of pigment
- - Chemical peels
- - Mesotherapy with traneximic acid
- - Qswitched laser for pigment reduction
- Counselling Counselling is carried out as the first imperative step of diagnosis of the condition and understanding the factors that trigger development of acne/ pimples.
- Lifestyle changes One of the most common reasons for acne/ pimples is the lifestyle, hence changes are recommended to include a healthy lifestyle for long term treatment of acne.
- Skin routine Skin routine that includes customised products prescribed according to the grade of acne and skin type.
- Benzoyl Peroxide Benzoyl Peroxide is the most popular treatment for acne. It oxidises the proteins in the acne and kills the bacteria and reduces inflammation. Benzoyl peroxide has properties that increase sensitivity to the sun; hence a good quality sunscreen must be applied during the day.
- Antiinflammatory medication Medication like Retinoids help reduce the production of sebum in the sebaceous glands and normalize the follicle cell life cycle. Retinoids prevent the accumulation of dead skin cells that combine with the sebum and clog pores in the skin.
- Salicylic acid Salicylic acid treatment is for mild acne conditions. Salicylic acid unclogs the pores in the skin that have been blocked when sebum combines with dead skin cells without affecting the sebaceous glands and the production of sebum.
Chemical peels Chemical peels are an effective way to treat acne scars. They trigger exfoliation of the dead or scarred skin and help produce new skin cells. Peels with different levels of strength are carried out depending on the severity of the condition.
- Oral medications Oral medication may be prescribed depending on the severity of the condition.
- Mesotherapy Mesotherapy is a non-invasive form of treatment that introduces anti-oxidants into the skin to fight acne. It also helps produce new skin tissue and normalizes the skin tone.
- Lasers for acne Laser therapy helps remove dead skin cells and excess oils that clog the pores.
- Carbon peels with switched laser A combination of carbon peels with switched laser helps shrink the oil glands, break pigmentation and clean the pores.